Laser-Induced Plasma as a Method for the Metallic Materials Hardness Estimation: An Alternative Approach
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© 2020, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
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The application of an alternative laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) method based on transversely excited atmospheric (TEA) CO2 laser was investigated for the first time for estimating the hardness of metallic materials. The human eye-safe (TEA) CO2 laser, operating at 10.6 µm, was used for plasma generation. The LIBS spectra were recorded by employing a cost-effective CCD camera for the time-integrated and spatial resolved measurements. The cast iron and aluminum alloys samples with different hardness have been tested. The ratio between the magnesium ionic and neutral lines in LIBS spectra was applied for estimating the material hardness. In addition, the hardness of all samples included in this study was determined using the conventional method for material hardness determination, i.e. Vickers hardness test. The linear dependence of magnesium lines intensity ratio on the sample’s hardness was obtained for both kinds of materials. Profilometric measurements were used to verif...y that the newly-introduced method is almost nondestructive for the investigated metals. The results obtained in the present work confirmed the potential of using this original LIBS system not only for the fast elemental analysis but also for the direct estimation of the hardness of metals and alloys. © 2020, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.