Colloids or powders: Which nanoparticle formulations do cells like more?
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© 2019 Elsevier B.V.
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Understanding the difference in physicochemical properties and biological response between colloidal and powder formulations of identical materials is important before the given materials are used in a medical milieu. In this study we compared a set of biological effects of colloidal and powder formulations of composite nanoparticles comprising superparamagnetic iron oxide cores and silicate/carbon shells. Magnetic dipole interaction between adjacent nanoparticles was more pronounced in their powders than in their colloidal formulations. Nanoparticles delivered as powders were thus more responsive to the magnetic field, but exhibited reduced uptake in bone and brain cancer cells, including K7M2 osteosarcoma line and U87 and E297 glioblastoma lines. Specifically, while the alternate magnetic field elicited a more rapid heat generation in cell culture media supplemented with the magnetic powders, the nanoparticles dispersed in the same media were uptaken by the cancer cells more copiousl...y. The cellular uptake proved to be more crucial in defining the effect on cell survival, given that suspended formulations elicited a greater degree of cancer cell death in the magnetic field compared to the powder-containing formulations. Because of this effect, colloidal formulations were able to target cancer cells more effectively than the powders: they reduced the viability of all three tested cancer cell lines to a significantly greater degree that the viability of the normal, MDCK-MDR1 cell line. It is concluded that better uptake profile can make up for the lower heating rate in the AC field and lead to a more effective magnetic hyperthermia therapy. These results also demonstrate that the direct delivery of ferrofluids is more optimal than the administration of their constitutive particles as powders. © 2019 Elsevier B.V.
Keywords:Bone cancer / Brain cancer / Cancer targeting / Ferrofluid / Hyperthermia / Magnetic nanoparticles / Uptake
Source:Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 2019, 181, 39-47
- Ministrstvo za visoko šolstvo, znanost in tehnologijo [P2-0091]
- Javna Agencija za Raziskovalno Dejavnost RS [J2-8169]
- Physics and Chemistry with Ion Beams (RS-45006)
ISSN: 0927-7765 (print)