Mathematical modelling of swirl oxy-fuel burner flame characteristics
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AuthorsJovanović, Rastko D.
Škobalj, Predrag D.
Article (Published version)
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Oxy-fuel combustion is the most promising carbon capture and storage technology, which eliminates carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere and also decreases nitrogen oxides emissions thereby lowering global warming potential. In order to implement oxy-fuel combustion technology in full scale power plants, its costs, mainly connected with the amount of pure oxygen produced, must be lowered. The main hypothesis is that it is possible to maintain similar velocity and heat transfer distribution while maintaining stable and efficient burner operation during both combustion technologies modifying burner aerodynamics. Excess oxygen is chosen as a representative parameter of burner's performance and investigation is carried out for four different oxy-fuel burner oxygen excess ratios (λ: 0.8, 0.98, 1.07, and 1.24) together with reference air combustion case. This study suggests a workflow, based on semi-industrial experimental investigations and computational fluid dynamics model composed ...of advanced sub-models for different combustion phases for development of real scale dual-mode coal swirl burners able for efficient operation during both combustion regimes. The results show that the temperature in near-burner zone and nitrogen oxides emissions increase, while carbon monoxide emissions decrease with the increase of burner oxygen excess ratio, and stable combustion with similar velocity and temperature distributions for both combustion modes is achieved for oxygen excess ratio of 1.07, with decrease in nitrogen oxides and carbon monoxide emissions during oxy-fuel combustion. The performed study demonstrates that it is possible to choose the appropriate burner settings regarding nitrogen oxides and carbon monoxide emissions and burner's ability to operate stably in both air and oxy-fuel combustion modes. © 2019 Elsevier Ltd
Keywords:Oxy-fuel combustion / Swirl burner / CFD modelling / Carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxides emissions / Excess oxygen
Source:Energy Conversion and Management, 2019, 191, 193-207
- Public Enterprise Electric power industry of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia
- Pollution Reduction from Thermal Power Plants of the Public Enterprise “Electric Power Industry of Serbia” (RS-42010)
- Domestic Lignite Quality and Combustion Technology Enhancement for Energy Efficiency Increase and Reduction of Harmful Gases and Particulate Matter Emissions from Thermal Power Plants of Public Enterprise ”Electric Power Industry of Serbia” (RS-33050)
- European Commission 6th FP through the Marie Curie Actions project INECSE (Early Stage Research Training in Integrated Energy Conversion for a Sustainable Environment) [MEST-CT-2005-021018]
- Research Fund for Coal and Steel project: Application of the biomass, oxyfuel and flameless combustion for the utilisation of pulverised coals for electricity generation (BOFCom) [RFCR-CT-2006-00010]
ISSN: 0196-8904 (print); 1879-2227 (electronic)