Archaeometric study of 17th/18th century painted pottery from the Belgrade Fortress
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Wright, Victoria J.
Radosavjević Evans, Ivana
Damjanović-Vasilić, Ljiljana S.
Article (Published version)
© 2018 Elsevier Masson SAS
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The chemical and mineralogical composition of ceramic bodies, glazes and pigments, as well as the firing temperatures of main groups of Austrian period painted pottery excavated at the Belgrade Fortress on the territory of Serbia, two groups of Malhornware and one group of Anabaptist faience, were determined by a combination of powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and micro-Raman spectroscopy. Investigated pottery was uncovered in the same archaeological context and dated the end of 17th/first decade of 18th century. The obtained mineralogical and chemical composition shows the similarities between the Malhornware groups that indicate a similar production technology. Use of calcareous clay fired at temperatures in the range 850-900 degrees C indicates a different production technology for the Anabaptists faience. The compositional data treatment by multivariate statistical analysis reveals heterogene...ity in the Anabaptist faience group of samples, suggesting potential interactions between the local potters and the Anabaptist communities. (C) 2018 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Keywords:Pottery / Austrian period / Powder X-ray diffraction / FTIR spectroscopy / EDXRF spectroscopy / Multivariate statistical analysis
Source:Journal of Cultural Heritage, 2018, 32, 9-21
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ISSN: 1296-2074 (print); 1778-3674 (electronic)