Review of Remediation Approaches Implemented in Radioactively Contaminated Areas
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The chapter aims to summarize different remediation approaches of radionuclide pollutants in water and soil media carried out after decommissioning of nuclear installations worldwide. The attention was focused on different methods of remediation, e.g. natural attenuation, bioremediation, excavating and removing contaminated soil and in situ treatments. The results of radiological assessments of the influence of nuclear cycle facilities in the environment using different modelling approach of the radionuclides transport through the environmental medium are adopted as a useful tool in decision making process applied in remediation of contaminated areas. The current trend in development strategy to support the environmental decision systems for optimization of remediation actions is to use databases on environmental and managerial parameters and radioecological models for the prediction of the effectiveness of remediation measures.
Keywords:Radioactive pollutant / Water remediation / Soil remediation / Mathematical modelling
Source:Remediation Measures for Radioactively Contaminated Areas, 2019, 1-30
- Springer International Publishing