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dc.creatorStojanović, Zoran S.
dc.creatorIgnjatović, Nenad L.
dc.creatorWu, Victoria
dc.creatorŽunič, Vojka
dc.creatorVeselinović, Ljiljana M.
dc.creatorŠkapin, Srečo Davor
dc.creatorMiljković, Miroslav
dc.creatorUskoković, Vuk
dc.creatorUskoković, Dragan
dc.description.abstractRecent developments in bone tissue engineering have led to an increased interest in one-dimensional (1D) hydroxyapatite (HA) nano- and micro-structures such as wires, ribbons and tubes. They have been proposed for use as cell substrates, reinforcing phases in composites and carriers for biologically active substances. Here we demonstrate the synthesis of 1D HA structures using an optimized, urea-assisted, high-yield hydrothermal batch process. The one-pot process, yielding HA structures composed of bundles of ribbons and wires, was typified by the simultaneous occurrence of a multitude of intermediate reactions, failing to meet the uniformity criteria over particle morphology and size. To overcome these issues, the preparation procedure was divided to two stages: dicalcium phosphate platelets synthesized in the first step were used as a precursor for the synthesis of 1D HA in the second stage. Despite the elongated particle morphologies, both the precursor and the final product exhibited excellent biocompatibility and caused no reduction of viability when tested against osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells in 2D culture up to the concentration of 2.6 mg/cm2. X-ray powder diffraction combined with a range of electron microscopies and laser diffraction analyses was used to elucidate the formation mechanism and the microstructure of the final particles. The two-step synthesis involved a more direct transformation of DCP to 1D HA with the average diameter of 37 nm and the aspect ratio exceeding 100:1. The comparison of crystalline domain sizes along different crystallographic directions showed no signs of significant anisotropy, while indicating that individual nanowires are ordered in bundles in the b crystallographic direction of the P63/m space group of HA. Intermediate processes, e.g., dehydration of dicalcium phosphate, are critical for the formation of 1D HA alongside other key aspects of this phase transformation, it must be investigated in more detail in the continuous design of smart HA micro- and nano-structures with advanced therapeutic potentials.eng
dc.format68 (2016) 746-757
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/Integrated and Interdisciplinary Research (IIR or III)/45004/RS//
dc.relationNational Institute of Health grant R00-DE021416
dc.sourceMaterials Science and Engineering: Ceng
dc.subjectParticle size distribution
dc.titleHydrothermally processed 1D hydroxyapatite: Mechanism of formation and biocompatibility studiesen
dcterms.abstractМиљковић, Мирослав; Стојановић, Зоран; Игњатовић, Ненад; Wу, Вицториа; Жунич, Војка; Веселиновић, Љиљана; Шкапин, Сречо Давор; Ускоковић, Вук; Ускоковић, Драган;
dc.description.otherPeer-reviewed version of the article (Accepted Manuscript or postprint) available at: []

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