The electrocatalytic effects in the electrolytic separation of hydrogen isotopes
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The electrolysis has been employed as one of the first and simplest methods for the production of deuterium enriched water. The economical reasons mainly expressed through the energy consumption, however, reduced its importance and use on a large scale. Recent development in the field of the electrolysis, represented by the new electrode materials, different ionic activators for electrodes, generally in the field of the electrocatalysis, makes the electrolysis an interesting process now. A remarkable improvement of the separation factors of hydrogen isotopes during alkaline water electrolysis was achieved, in this work with addition of tris(ethylenediamine) Co(III)-chloride complex into the electrolyte. Several spectroscopic and electro chemical methods like X-ray fluorescence (XRF), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron on microscopy (SEM), IR and UV-VIS spectrophotometry and cyclic voltammetry, was employed to characterise the electrodes and electrolyte in order to suggest possi...ble mechanisms and their contributions to the achieved separation factors. The overall mechanism which lends to the separation, factor improvement in the presence of trs-Co complex includes different effects like decreases of the hydrogen overvoltage and the activation energies, with their specific contributions to the achieved factors.
Keywords:separation factors / activation energy and hydrogen isotopes
Source:Bulletin of Electrochemistry, 1996, 12, 7-8, 436-439
- 5th International Symposium on Advances in Electrochemical Science and Technology, Nov 24-26, 1994, Madras, India