Some larger installations in applied physics
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Historical survey of applied physics in this country would not be complete without mentioning several larger installations built in the last fifty years and their contribution to the progress in physics. The largest of them all was the 1.5 MeV Cockroft-Walton accelerator in the Vinca Institute. It was bought as a neutron generator, and after a number of improvements and reconstruction, it produced one of the most powerful beam in this period in the world. It was used for research in physics, for the first production of some isotopes, for some measuring method development, for some experiments in biology and other purposes. In the previous period, one smaller accelerator was developed and built for 200 keV. It has been used as a neutron generator, through (d-d) nuclear reaction. The magnetic sector isotope mass separator was also developed and built. Separated isotopes obtained were used as targets in accelerators in nuclear physics experiments. The machine for electron beam welding, in...tended for welding the fuel element jackets for heavy water nuclear reactors, was completely developed, constructed and built in the Vinca Institute. The lifetime of this machine was rather short, due to the sudden change in the nuclear policy of the country.
Source:2002, 104, 69-76
- Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Department of Mathematics, Physics and Geo-Sciences, Conference on Applied Physics in Serbia, May 27-29, 2002, Belgrade, Yugoslavia