Antioxidant action in irradiated polypropylene studied by ultraviolet spectroscopy
Ultraviolet spectrum of 0.2 mm thick film of polypropylene containing 0.5% ORGANOX 1010 showed that in the sample prepared by slow cooling about 15% of the antioxidant reacted during the preparation process. The difference in turbidity between the samples obtained in the slow and the fast cooling process is attributed to the degree of crystallinity, which is in agreement with the DSC data. Very pronounced effects of the oxygen concentration and the degree of crystallinity on antioxidant uptake in irradiated polypropylene films were observed and discussed. It was also shown that a Febetron 707 pulsed electron accelerator is capable of producing both the single pulse dose (50 kGy) and the dose rate (2.5 TGy/s) large enough to enable a comparison of dose rate effects and LET effects in the study of the antioxidant reactions in polypropylene. (C) 1999 Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords:antioxidant / polypropylene / morphology / ultraviolet spectroscopy / ionizing radiation / dose rate effect
Source:Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 1999, 151, 1-4, 462-466
- 3rd International Symposium on Ionizing Radiation and Polymers (IRaP 98), Sep 19-24, 1998, Weinbohla, Germany