Thermal stability of nanostructured TiZrSiN thin films subjected to helium ion irradiation
AuthorsUglov, V. V.
Zlotski, S. V.
Saladukhin, I. A.
Skuratov, Vladimir A.
Leshkevich, S. S.
Petrović, Srđan M.
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The phase stability, upon vacuum annealing up to 1000 degrees C, of nanostructured (Ti,Zr)(1-x)SixN thin films is investigated by X-ray diffraction analysis as a function of Si content (0.13 LT = x LT = 0.25) and prior irradiation with He ions (40 kV). The quaternary TiZrSiN thin films were deposited by reactive magnetron sputtering from elemental targets at the substrate temperature of 600 degrees C. It was found that the increase in Si content, x, results in the transformation of structure from nanocrystalline (x = 0.13, grain size of 11 nm) to nanocomposite state (0.190 LT x LT = 0.25, grain size of 5 nm). The phase composition of the films changes from single-phase, cubic c-(Ti,Zr)N columns with (1 1 1) preferred orientation to dual-phase system consisting of c-(Ti,Zr)N crystallites and amorphous SiNy. Irradiation with He ions at the doses of 2 x 10(16) and 5 x 1016 cm(-2) does change the phase composition of the films. It is found that the onset temperature for phase decomposition... decreases from 1000 degrees C to 800 degrees C with increasing Si content for unirradiated films. The formation of a secondary ZrN phase is observed concomitantly with increased broadening of the (2 0 0) c-(Ti,Zr)N diffraction peak. For irradiated films, the subsequent annealing at 1000 degrees C leads to decomposition of the c-(Ti,Zr)N solid solution into TiN- and ZrN-rich phases as well as crystallization of hexagonal Si3N4 phase. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords:Nanocomposite / Irradiation / Thermal stability / Decomposition / Solid solution
Source:Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 2015, 354, 264-268
- Physics and Chemistry with Ion Beams (RS-45006)
- Belarusian Republic Foundation for Fundamental Research [F13F-003], region Poitou-Charentes