MMP-1 and-3 haplotype is associated with congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract
Kostić, Mirjana M.
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Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) are a common cause of progressive chronic kidney disease that may lead to end-stage renal disease and renal replacement therapy in childhood. Altered expression or activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been found in CAKUT. The MMP-1, -3, and -8 polymorphisms studied here are located in the gene promoters and alter expression. Our aim was to investigate associations of MMP polymorphisms, solely and in haplotypes, with CAKUT in children. A case-control study with 101 pediatric patients and 281 controls was performed. The MMP-1 (-1607 1G/2G), -3 (5A/6A), and -8 (-799 C/T) genotypes were determined by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism. We found statistically significant associations of MMP-3 5A/6A polymorphism (p LT 0.0001) and 1G(-1607)-6A haplotype, with no preferences for MMP-8 -799C or T alleles, with CAKUT (OR = 2.93, 95 % CI 1.43-5.98, adjusted for gender, p = 0.003) and with obstructive uropathies in... a subgroup of patients (OR = 4.57, 95 % CI 2.74-7.61, adjusted for gender, p LT 0.0001). MMP-3 genotypes and MMP-3 and -1 haplotypes encompassing either MMP-8 -799C or T alleles were associated with CAKUT and obstructive uropathies in pediatric patients. Still, functional and association studies are needed to elucidate evident roles of MMPs in CAKUT.