Rujevac Sb-Pb-Zn-As polymetallic deposit, Boranja orefield, Western Serbia: native arsenic and arsenic mineralization
AuthorsRadosavljevic, Slobodan A.
Stojanovic, Jovica N.
Radosavljević-Mihajlović, Ana S.
Vukovic, Nikola S.
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Rujevac is a low-temperature hydrothermal polymetallic Sb-Pb-Zn-As vein-type ore deposit, hosted within a volcanogenic-sedimentary zone situated in the Rujevac-Crvene Stene-Brezovica Diabase-Chert Formation (DCF) of the Podrinje Metallogenic District (PMD), Serbia. It is located several kilometers SE from the Boranja contact aureole, which is an integral part of the PMD in Western Serbia. Genetically related to the Tertiary granodioritic magma, the mineral assemblages are characterized by specific features. The mineral association of this deposit consists of sulfides, Pb-Sb(As) sulfosalts, native metals, oxides, hydroxides and gangue minerals. Chemical composition of the ore is very complex, where contents of valuable metals range as follows: Sb (0.17-24.31 wt.%), Zn (0.21-6.29 wt.%), Pb (0.15-6.33 wt.%), As (0.06-1.28 wt.%), Cd (25-747 ppm), Ag (7-408 ppm), Hg (13-473 ppm), and Tl ( LT 1-29 ppm). Electron Probe Microanalyses (EPMA) of native arsenic from both the Rujevac and Stragari ...deposits showed contents of As up to 98.8 and 97.1 wt.%, with impurity contents of Sb up to 1.3 and 6.6 wt.%, and Tl up to 2 and 1.3 wt.%, respectively. Rhombohedral unit-cell parameters for native arsenic from Rujevac and Stragari deposits amount to: a=3.760(2), c=10.555(3) angstrom, V=129.23(7) angstrom(3) and a=3.763(1), c=10.560(5) angstrom, V=129.48(8) angstrom(3), respectively. Mineral assemblages, deposition order and genesis of the Rujevac polymetallic deposit were also discussed in detail. Native arsenic mineralization here has been additionally compared with similar well-known global deposits.