Performance of the ALICE VZERO system
ALICE Collaboration (ukupan broj autora: 988)
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ALICE is an LHC experiment devoted to the study of strongly interacting matter in proton-proton, proton-nucleus and nucleus-nucleus collisions at ultra-relativistic energies. The ALICE VZERO system, made of two scintillator arrays at asymmetric positions, one on each side of the interaction point, plays a central role in ALICE. In addition to its core function as a trigger source, the VZERO system is used to monitor LHC beam conditions, to reject beam-induced backgrounds and to measure basic physics quantities such as luminosity, particle multiplicity, centrality and event plane direction in nucleus-nucleus collisions. After describing the VZERO system, this publication presents its performance over more than four years of operation at the LHC.
Keywords:Large detector-systems performance / Trigger detectors / Large detector systems for particle and astroparticle physics / Heavy-ion detectors
Source:Journal of Instrumentation, 2013, 8
- State Committee of Science, World Federation of Scientists (WFS), Swiss Fonds Kidagan, Armenia, Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq), Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos (FINEP), Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP), National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC), Chinese Ministry of Education (CMOE), Ministry of Science and Technology of China (MSTC), Ministry of Education and Youth of the Czech Republic, Danish Natural Science Research Council, Carlsberg Foundation, Danish National Research Foundation, European Research Council under the European Community, Helsinki Institute of Physics, Academy of Finland, French CNRS-IN2P3, Region Pays de Loire, Region Alsace, Region Auvergne, CEA, France, German BMBF, Helmholtz Association, General Secretariat for Research and Technology, Ministry of Development, Greece, Hungarian OTKA, National Office for Research and Technology (NKTH), Department of Atomic Energy, Department of Science and Technology of the Government of India, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Centro Fermi - Museo Storico della Fisica e Centro Studi e Ricerche Enrico Fermi, Italy, MEXT Grant-in-Aid for Specially Promoted Research, Japan, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), KICOS, CONACYT, DGAPA, Mexico, ALFA-EC, EPLANET Program (European Particle Physics Latin American Network) Stichting voor Fundamenteel Onderzoek der Materie (FOM), Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO), Netherlands, Research Council of Norway (NFR), Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, National Authority for Scientific Research - NASR (Autoritatea Nationala pentru Cercetare Stiintifica - ANCS), Ministry of Education and Science of Russian Federation, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Federal Agency of Atomic Energy, Russian Federal Agency for Science and Innovations, Russian Foundation for Basic Research, Ministry of Education of Slovakia, Department of Science and Technology, South Africa, CIEMAT, EELA, Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad (MINECO) of Spain, Xunta de Galicia (Conselleria de Educacion), CEADEN, Cubaenergia, Cuba, IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency), Swedish Research Council (VR), Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation (KAW), Ukraine Ministry of Education and Science, United Kingdom Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), United States Department of Energy, United States National Science Foundation, State of Texas, State of Ohio