Synthesis and Characterization of Pt Catalysts on SnO2 Based Supports for Oxygen Reduction Reaction
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The oxygen reduction reaction was studied at Pt nanocatalysts on two different tin oxide based supports, Sb-SnO2 and Ru-SnO2, in acid solution. Tin oxide based supports were synthesized by hydrazine reduction method. Physical characterization of the supports was performed by BET, X-ray diffraction and TEM techniques. SnO2 belonging peaks were detected in Sb-SnO2 powder, while Ru-SnO2 XRD diffraction patterns contained peaks of RuO2 and SnO2. The average crystallite sizes, determined by Scherrer equation, were 3 nm and 4 nm for Sb-SnO2 and Ru-SnO2, respectively. Pt catalysts on Sb-SnO2 and Ru-SnO2 supports were synthesized by borohydride reduction method. TEM analysis revealed homogeneous particle size distribution, with average particle size of 2.9 and 5.4 nm, for Sb-SnO2 and Ru-SnO2, respectively. Electrocatalytic activity and stability of these catalysts for oxygen reduction were studied by cyclic voltammetry and linear sweep voltammetry at rotating disk electrode (RDE). Pt catalysts... on Sb and Ru doped SnO2 support exhibited catalytic activities comparable to Pt on commercial carbon based support. Stability tests were also performed. Determined small loss of electrochemical active surface area of the Pt catalyst on Sb doped tin oxide support, after repetitive cycling, indicated high stability and durability of this cathode for-prospective fuel cells application. (C) 2013 The Electrochemical Society. All rights reserved.
Source:Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 2013, 160, 10, F1151-F1158
- Development, characterization and application nanostructured and composite electrocatalysts and interactive supports for fuel cells and water electrolysis (RS-172054)
- Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, of the U.S. Department of Energy [DE-AC02-05CH11231]