Investigation of tungsten carbide supported Pd or Pt as anode catalysts for PEM fuel cells
AuthorsNikolić, Vladimir M.
Perović, Ivana M.
Babić, Biljana M.
Pašti, Igor A.
Marčeta Kaninski, Milica
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In this contribution, we present results of electrochemical characterization of prepared tungsten carbide supported palladium and platinum and Vulcan XC-72 supported palladium. These catalysts were employed as anode catalysts in PEMFC and results are compared to commercial platinum catalyst. Platinum seems to be irreplaceable as a proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) catalyst for both the anode and the cathode, yet the high price and limited natural resources are holding back the commercialization of the PEMFCs. Tungsten carbide is recognized as promising catalyst support having the best conductivity among interstitial carbides. Higher natural resources and significantly lower price make palladium good candidate for replacement of the platinum catalyst. The presented results show that all prepared catalysts are very active for the hydrogen oxidation reaction. Linear sweep voltammetry curves of Pd/C and Pd/WC show existence of peaks at 0.07 V vs. RHE, which is assigned to absorbed... hydrogen. H-2 vertical bar Pd/WC vertical bar Nafion117 vertical bar Pt/C vertical bar O-2 fuel cell has almost the same efficiency and similar power output as commercial platinum catalyst. Copyright (C) 2013, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords:Palladium / Tungsten carbide / Anode catalyst / PEM fuel cells
Source:International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2013, 38, 26, 11340-11345
- Efficient use of resources in energy converting applications (EU-303024)
- Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia