Glycogen and gold nanoparticle bioconjugates: controlled plasmon resonance via glycogen-induced nanoparticle aggregation
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Hybrid nanosystems composed of glycogen biopolymers and gold nanoparticles were prepared by an in situ non-toxic synthetic procedure. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and various spectroscopic methods (optical absorption, X-ray photoelectron and photoluminescence spectroscopy) were used for the characterization of the obtained bioconjugates. The gold nanoparticles formed in the presence of glycogen were spherical in shape and approximately 15 nm in diameter. The TEM micrographs show that the nanoparticles aggregated on the surface of the glycogen biomolecules. This effect induced a shift of the surface plasmon resonance band towards higher wavelengths on an increase in gold ion concentration. Effective medium theory calculations were carried out in order to explain the observed redshift of the plasmon band in the absorption spectra of the Au-glycogen colloids. The interactions of the gold nanoparticles with glycogen strongly affected the photoluminescence of the glycogenin protei...n incorporated into its structure. The Au-glycogen hydrocolloids exhibited good chemical stability in the presence of saline, phosphate buffered saline, alanine, histidine and D-glucose.