Thermal and dynamic mechanical properties of bio-based poly(furfuryl alcohol)/sisal whiskers nanocomposites
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In this study, bio-based nanocomposites of sisal whiskers-reinforced poly(furfuryl alcohol) (PFA) were prepared using an in situ polymerization method. Furfuryl alcohol (FA), which is a derived renewable monomer, was used to serve first as a solvent to disperse the whiskers and later as a monomeric precursor to produce PFA. Sisal whiskers were prepared via acid hydrolysis, which was followed by freeze-drying and re-dispersion of the dried whiskers in FA by sonication for 20 min. The polymerization process was catalysed using citric acid, which is also a renewable carboxylic acid found in citrus fruits. The effect of increased sisal whiskers loading on the thermal and dynamic mechanical properties of the nanocomposites was investigated using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA). The TGA results showed slightly higher thermal stability for the nanocomposite samples compared to neat PFA. The DMA results showed that the incorporation of sisal whiskers impa...rts significant enhancement in the storage modulus of the PFA matrix. Moreover, the intensity of the tan delta peak at similar to 75 A degrees C for the nanocomposites was remarkably reduced compared to that of neat PFA.
Keywords:Poly(furfuryl alcohol) / Sisal whiskers / In situ polymerization / Biopolymer / Nanocomposites / TGA / DMA
Source:Polymer Bulletin, 2013, 70, 4, 1265-1276
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- National Research Foundation in South Africa, University of the Free State