Synthesis and characterization of hafnium carbide fine powders
Babić, Biljana M.
Pantić, Jelena R.
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Hafnium carbide powder was synthesized by sol-gel polycondensation of hafnium chloride with citric acid. The starting materials were dissolved in water and mixed homogeneously on a hot plate until precursor gel was formed. Pyrolysis of this gel resulted in monoclinic hafnia which after subsequent heat treatment transformed into hafnium carbide. The obtained materials were analyzed by means of X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The results showed that the obtained carbide powders were composed of nearly equiaxed particles with narrow size distribution. Characterization by nitrogen adsorption showed that the obtained powders were micro- and mesoporous materials with high specific surface area. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l. All rights reserved.