Corrosion Stability and Bioactivity in Simulated Body Fluid of Silver/Hydroxyapatite and Silver/Hydroxyapatite/Lignin Coatings on Titanium Obtained by Electrophoretic Deposition
Veljović, Đorđe N.
Janaćković, Đorđe T.
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Hydroxyapatite is the most suitable biocompatible material for bone implant coatings. However, its brittleness is a major obstacle, and that is why, recently, research focused on creating composites with various biopolymers. In this study, hydroxyapatite coatings were modified with lignin in order to attain corrosion stability and surface porosity that enables osteogenesis. Incorporating silver, well known for its antimicrobial properties, seemed the best strategy for avoiding possible infections. The silver/hydroxyapatite (Ag/HAP) and silver/hydroxyapatite/lignin (Ag/HAP/Lig) coatings were cathaphoretically deposited on titanium from ethanol suspensions, sintered at 900 degrees C in Ar, and characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The corrosion stability of electrodeposited coatings was evaluated in vitro in Kokubos simulat...ed body fluid (SBF) at 37 degrees C using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Bioactivity was estimated by immersion in SBF to evaluate the formation of hydroxyapatite on the coating surface. A microcrystalline structure of newly formed plate-shaped carbonate-hydroxyapatite was detected after only 7 days, indicating enhanced bioactive behavior. Both coatings had good corrosion stability during a prolonged immersion time. Among the two, the Ag/HAP/Lig coating had a homogeneous surface, less roughness, and low values of contact angle.
Source:Journal of Physical Chemistry. Part B: Condensed Matter, Materials, Surfaces, Interfaces and Biophysical, 2013, 117, 6, 1633-1643
- Reinforcing of Nanotechnology and Functional Materials Centre (EU-245916)
- Synthesis, processing and applications of nanostructured multifunctional materials with defined properties (RS-45019)
- Magnetic and radionuclide labeled nanostructured materials for medical applications (RS-45015)
- National Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)