Trace Element Concentrations in Wild Mussels from the Coastal Area of the Southeastern Adriatic, Montenegro
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The aim of the present investigation was to quantify the levels of trace elements (Zn, Cu, As, Pb, Cd and total Hg) in the Mediterranean mussel, Mytilus galloprovincialis (L.). Based on their levels, the quality of Montenegro seawater for future mussel farming was estimated. The mussel M. galloprovincialis (L.) was collected from four sites in the Montenegrin costal area in the period of two years to determine trace element concentrations and to classify the quality of the coastal water and possible health risks from its consumption. The mean metal concentrations in the mussels ranged from 133.5-205.9 for Zn, 7.50-14.5 for Cu, 4.42-13.3 for As, 4.70-12.9 for Pb, 1.73-2.41 for Cd and 0.07-0.59 for total Hg in mg/kg dry weight. The levels of toxic metals (except for Pb) in the mussels were within the maximum residual levels prescribed by the laws of Montenegro, the EU and the USFDA. In addition, the trace metal concentrations found in the mussels in this study were similar to regional da...ta using this mussel as a biomonitoring agent of seawater quality.
Keywords:Trace elements / wild mussels / southeastern Adriatic / seawater quality / health risk
Source:Archives of biological sciences, 2012, 64, 1, 265-275
- Advanced technologies for monitoring and environmental protection from chemical pollutants and radiation burden (RS-43009)
- European Agency for Reconstruction [04SER02/05/007]