Switching between voltammetry and potentiometry in order to determine H+ or OH- ion concentration over the entire pH scale by means of tungsten disk electrode
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This study demonstrates that tungsten rotating disk electrode can be used for pH or H+/OH- concentration measurements in practically entire pH range, using the combination of voltammetric and potentiometric techniques. In strong acidic (c(H+) GT 10(-3) mol dm(-3)), and alkaline (c(OH-) GT 10(-3) mol dm(-3)) solutions, rotating tungsten disk electrode can be used as a maintenance-free electrode for voltammetric determination of H+ and OH- ion concentration. After an appropriate electrochemical oxidation, the same electrode, in a stationary regime, may be used as a potentiometric sensor in the range 3 LT pH LT 11, with the response -49.5 +/- 2.3 mV per one pH unit. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords:pH measurement / Amperometry / Potentiometry / Rotating disk electrode / Tungsten
Source:Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 2012, 665, 83-89
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