Formic acid oxidation on Pt-Au nanoparticles: Relation between the catalyst activity and the poisoning rate
AuthorsObradović, Maja D.
Rogan, Jelena R.
Babić, Biljana M.
Tripkovic, A. V.
Gautam, A. R. S.
Radmilovic, V. R.
Gojković, Snežana Lj.
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Pt-Au nanoparticles supported on high area carbon were prepared by simultaneous reduction of Au and Pt precursors and by reduction of Pt precursor on already prepared Au nanoparticles. The first method produced a solid solution of Pt in Au containing similar to 5% Pt with the remaining Pt on the nanoparticles surface. For the Pt:Au precursor ratio of 1:4 and 1:9, the surface ratio was found to be 0.70:0.30 and 0.55:0.45, respectively. By the second method with the Pt:Au precursors ratio of 1:12, the surface ratio was 0.30:0.70. The voltammetric peaks of Pt-oxide reduction and CO(ads) oxidation demonstrated electronic modification of Pt by Au in all catalysts. With decreasing Pt:Au surface ratio the activity for HCOOH oxidation increases and surface coverage by CO(ads) decreases. The highest activity under potentiodynamic and quasi steady-state conditions without poisoning by CO(ads) was observed for the catalyst with the lowest Pt:Au surface ratio. Chronoamperometic test showed that it...s high catalytic activity is associated with a high deactivation rate. It was postulated that too strong adsorption of a reactive or non-reactive intermediate caused by electron modification of Pt by underlying Au, is responsible for the deactivation. This result stresses that high Pt dispersion, necessary for promotion of the dehydrogenation path in HCOOH oxidation, can produce too strong adsorption of intermediates causing deactivation of the catalyst. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords:Formic acid electrooxidation / Platinum / Gold / Nanoparticles / Fuel cell
Source:Journal of Power Sources, 2012, 197, 72-79
- Reinforcing of Nanotechnology and Functional Materials Centre (EU-245916)
- Development, characterization and application nanostructured and composite electrocatalysts and interactive supports for fuel cells and water electrolysis (RS-172054)
- Nanotechnology and Functional Materials Center, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, of the U.S. Department of Energy [DE-AC02-05CH11231]