A novel platinum-based nanocatalyst at a niobia-doped titania support for the hydrogen oxidation reaction
AuthorsElezovic, Nevenka R.
Babić, Biljana M.
Gajic-Krstajic, Ljiljana M.
Krstajic, Nedeljko V.
Vracar, Ljiljana M.
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The kinetics of the hydrogen oxidation reaction (HOR) was studied at Pt nanoparticles supported on niobia-doped titania (Pt/N-T). The catalyst support, with the composition of 0.05NbO(2.5-delta)-0.995TiO(2) (0 LT delta LT 1), was synthesized by a modified sol gel procedure and characterized by the BET and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. The specific surface area of the support was found to be 70 m(2) g(-1). The XRD analysis revealed the presence of the anatase TiO(2) phase in the support powder. No peaks indicating the existence of Nb-compounds were detected. Pt/N-T nanocatalyst was synthesized by the borohydride reduction method. Transmission electron microscopy revealed a quite homogenous distribution of the Pt nanoparticles over the support, with a mean particle size of about 3 nm. The electrochemical active surface area of Pt of 42 +/- 14 m(2) g(-1) was determined by the cyclic voltammetry technique. The kinetics of the HOR was investigated by linear sweep voltammetry at a rota...ting disc electrode in 0.5 mol dm(-3) HClO(4) solution. The determined value of the Tafel slope of 35 mV dec(-1) and an exchange current density of 0.45 mA cm(-2) per real surface area of the Pt are in good accordance with those already reported in the literature for the HOR at polycrystalline Pt and Pt nanocatalysts in acid solutions. This new catalyst exhibited better activity for the HOR in comparison with Pt nanocatalyst supported on Vulcan (R) XC-72R high area carbon.
Keywords:niobia-doped titania support / Pt nanocatalyst / hydrogen oxidation reaction / fuel cell
Source:Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society, 2011, 76, 8, 1139-1152
- Development, characterization and application nanostructured and composite electrocatalysts and interactive supports for fuel cells and water electrolysis (RS-172054)
- United States Department of Energy [DE-AC02-05CH11231]