Interface solitons in locally linked two-dimensional lattices
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Existence, stability, and dynamics of soliton complexes, centered at the site of a single transverse link connecting two parallel two-dimensional (2D) lattices, are investigated. The system with the onsite cubic self-focusing nonlinearity is modeled by the pair of discrete nonlinear Schrodinger equations linearly coupled at the single site. Symmetric, antisymmetric, and asymmetric complexes are constructed by means of the variational approximation (VA) and numerical methods. The VA demonstrates that the antisymmetric soliton complexes exist in the entire parameter space, while the symmetric and asymmetric modes can be found below a critical value of the coupling parameter. Numerical results confirm these predictions. The symmetric complexes are destabilized via a supercritical symmetry-breaking pitchfork bifurcation, which gives rise to stable asymmetric modes. The antisymmetric complexes are subject to oscillatory and exponentially instabilities in narrow parametric regions. In bistab...ility areas, stable antisymmetric solitons coexist with either symmetric or asymmetric ones.