Xenon-ion-induced and thermal mixing of Co/Si bilayers and their interplay
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Studies on ion-irradiated transition-metal/silicon bilayers demonstrate that interface mixing and silicide phase formation depend sensitively on the ion and film parameters, including the structure of the metal/Si interface. Thin Co layers e-gun evaporated to a thickness of 50 nm on Si(1 0 0) wafers were bombarded at room temperature with 400-key Xe(+) ions at fluences of up to 3 x 10(16) cm(-2). We used either crystalline or pre-amorphized Si wafers the latter ones prepared by 1.0-keV Ar-ion implantation. The as-deposited or Xe-ion-irradiated samples were then isochronally annealed at temperatures up to 700 degrees C. Changes of the bilayer structures induced by ion irradiation and/or annealing were investigated with RBS, XRD and HRTEM. The mixing rate for the Co/c-Si couples, Delta sigma(2)/Phi = 3.0(4) nm(4), is higher than the value expected for ballistic mixing and about half the value typical for spike mixing. Mixing of pre-amorphized Si is much weaker relative to crystalline Si ...wafers, contrary to previous results obtained for Fe/Si bilayers. Annealing of irradiated samples produces very similar interdiffusion and phase formation patterns above 400 degrees C as in the non-irradiated Co/Si bilayers: the phase evolution follows the sequence Co(2)Si - GT CoSi - GT CoSi(2). (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.