Charged-Particle Multiplicity Density at Midrapidity in Central Pb-Pb Collisions at root s(NN)=2.76 TeV
ALICE Collaboration (ukupan broj autora: 968)
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The first measurement of the charged-particle multiplicity density at midrapidity in Pb-Pb collisions at a center-of-mass energy per nucleon pair root s(NN) = 2.76 TeV is presented. For an event sample corresponding to the most central 5% of the hadronic cross section, the pseudorapidity density of primary charged particles at midrapidity is 1584 +/- 4(stat) +/- 76(syst), which corresponds to 8.3 +/- 0.4(syst) per participating nucleon pair. This represents an increase of about a factor 1.9 relative to pp collisions at similar collision energies, and about a factor 2.2 to central Au-Au collisions at root s(NN) = 0.2 TeV. This measurement provides the first experimental constraint for models of nucleus-nucleus collisions at LHC energies.
Source:Physical Review Letters, 2010, 105, 25
- Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation from Lisbon, Swiss Fonds Kidagan, Armenia, Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq), Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos (FINEP), Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP), National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC), Chinese Ministry of Education (CMOE), Ministry of Science and Technology of China (MSTC), Ministry of Education and Youth of the Czech Republic, Danish Natural Science Research Council, Carlsberg Foundation, Danish National Research Foundation, The European Research Council under the European Community, Helsinki Institute of Physics, Academy of Finland, French CNRS, Region Pays de Loire, Region Alsace, Region Auvergne, CEA, France, German BMBF, Helmholtz Association, Hungarian OTKA, National Office for Research and Technology (NKTH), Department of Atomic Energy, Department of Science and Technology of the Government of India, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN) of Italy, MEXT, Japan, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), CONACYT, DGAPA, Mexico, ALFA-EC, HELEN Program (High-Energy physics Latin-American-European Network), Stichting voor Fundamenteel Onderzoek der Materie (FOM), Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO), Netherlands, Research Council of Norway (NFR), Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, National Authority for Scientific Research-NASR (Autoritatea Nationala pentru Cercetare Stiintifica-ANCS), Federal Agency of Science of the Ministry of Education and Science of Russian Federation, International Science and Technology Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Federal Agency of Atomic Energy, Russian Federal Agency for Science and Innovations, CERN-INTAS, Ministry of Education of Slovakia, CIEMAT, EELA, Ministerio de Educacion y Ciencia of Spain, Xunta de Galicia (Conselleria de Educacion), CEADEN, Cubaenergia, Cuba, IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency), The Ministry of Science and Technology, National Research Foundation (NRF), South Africa, Swedish Reseach Council (VR), Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation (KAW), Ukraine Ministry of Education and Science, United Kingdom Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), The U. S. Department of Energy, U. S. National Science Foundation, State of Texas, State of Ohio