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Insulin Regulation of Proliferation Involves Activation of AKT and ERK 1/2 Signaling Pathways in Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells
(Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology and Diabetes, 2009)
This investigation used primary cultured rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) to examine the effect of insulin (INS) on proliferation of VSMCs. In this study, we investigated the role of protein kinase B (Akt) and ...
Impact of estradiol on insulin signaling in the rat heart
(Cell Biochemistry and Function, 2009)
It is well known that variation in the concentration of estrogens affects insulin action. In this study we examine the impact of estradiol (E2) on insulin signaling in the rat heart. Ovariectomized female rats were treated ...