Functionalization of carbon nanotubes with silver clusters
AuthorsCvetićanin, Jelena M.
Krklješ, Aleksandra N.
Kačarević-Popović, Zorica M.
Rakočević, Zlatko Lj.
Nešković, Olivera M.
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In this paper, an advanced method of one-step functionalization of single and multi walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs and MWCNTs) using gamma-irradiation was described. Two synthesis procedures, related with different reduction species, were employed. For the first time, poly(vinyl alcohol) PVA is successfully utilized as a source to reduce silver (Ag) metal ions without having any additional reducing agents to obtain Ag nanoparticles on CNTs. The decoration of carbon nanotubes with Ag nanoparticles takes place through anchoring of (PVA) on nanotubes surface. Optical properties of as-prepared samples and mechanism responsible for the functionalization of carbon nanotubes were investigated using UV-vis and FTIR spectroscopy, respectively. Decorated carbon nanotubes were visualized using microscopic techniques: transmission electron microscopy and scanning tunneling microscopy. Also, the presence of Ag on the nanotubes was confirmed using energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. This simple a...nd effective method of making a carbon nanotube type of composites is of interest not only for an application in various areas of technology and biology, but for investigation of the potential of radiation technology for nanoengineering of materials. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords:Carbon nanotubes / Functionalization / Silver clusters
Source:Applied Surface Science, 2010, 256, 23, 7048-7055
- Ministry of Science and Technological Development, Republic of Serbia , International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) [F23028]