Protective Effect on Human Lymphocytes of Some Flavonoids Isolated from Two Achillea Species
Tešević, Vele V.
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This study was conducted to elucidate the in vitro protective effect of five flavonoids [apigenin (1), apigenin-7-O-glucoside (2), centaureidin (3), jaceidin (4) and quercetin (5)] against chromosomal damage in mitogen-induced human lymphocytes. Using the Cytochalasin-B blocked micronucleus (CBMN) assay, in which the biomarker of chromosome breakage and/or chromosome loss is the elevated frequency of micronucleus (MN) in binucleated (BN) cells, the presence of flavonoid 2 in minimal concentration (3 mu g/mL) gave a 35.5% decrease M the frequency of MN when compared with control human lymphocytes. The same concentration of flavonoids 1, 3 and 4, reduced the MN frequency by 24.4%, 28.0% and 28.0%, respectively. Higher concentrations (6 mu g/mL and 10 mu g/mL) seemed less effective. Flavonoid 5 (3 mu g/mL.) induced a slight decrease in MN frequency (5%), while higher doses (6 mu g/mL and 10 mu g/mL) provoked an increase of DNA damage. The comparable values for the cytokinesis-block prolif...eration index (CBPI) of the tested flavonoids and positive control suggested an inhibitory effect on lymphocyte proliferation. In the DPPH scavenging assay, flavonoids 1-4 demonstrated modest activity, in a dose-dependent manner, compared with the synthetic antioxidants BHT and Trolox, while 5 exhibited comparably high antioxidative activity.
Keywords:Flavonoids / CBMN / DPPH / BHT
Source:Natural Product Communications, 2010, 5, 5, 729-732
- Ministry of Sciences and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia