A dielectric study of molecular relaxations in irradiated high density polyethylene
The molecular relaxation behaviour of high density polyethylene (HDPE), exposed to gamma radiation in air to various absorbed doses (up to 700 kGy), has been investigated by dielectric loss (tan delta) analysis. All relaxation zones (gamma, beta and alpha, in order of increasing temperature), between 25 K and the melt temperature, were studied in the frequency range from 1 kHz to 1 MHz. The changes observed in the dielectric relaxation spectra were related to the modifications in the structural and morphological parameters attributed to exposure of the samples to radiation. Radiation-induced changes in the crystal fraction, oxidative degradation and degree of network formation, observed by wide angle X-ray scattering (WAXS), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), infrared spectroscopy (IR) and gel measurements, were well connected with the changes in intensity, position and activation energy of alpha and gamma relaxations. Complete disappearance of the already weak beta relaxation wi...th irradiation is attributed to the more restricted chain segment mobility in the net Structure, but the contribution due to radiation-induced increase in crystallinity should also be taken into account. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords:HDPE / Irradiation / Dielectric relaxations / Cross-linking / Oxidative degradation
Source:Polymer Degradation and Stability, 2010, 95, 4, 593-599
- Ministry for Science and Technology of the Republic of Serbia