Smart poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate/itaconic acid) hydrogels for biomedical application
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pH- and temperature-sensitive hydrogels, based on 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) and itaconic acid (IA) copolymers, were prepared by gamma-irradiation and characterized in order to examine their potential use in biomedical applications. The influence of comonomer ratio in these smart copolymers on their morphology, mechanical and thermal properties, biocompatibility and microbe penetration capability was investigated. The mechanical properties of copolymers were investigated using the dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), while their thermal properties and morphology were examined by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The morphology, mechanical and thermal properties of these hydrogels were found to be suitable for most requirements of biomedical applications. The in vitro study of P(HEMA/IA) biocompatibility showed no evidence of cell toxicity nor any considerable hemolytic activity. Furthermore, the microbe penetration test showed that neither S...taphylococcus aureus nor Escherichia coli passed through the hydogel dressing; thus the P(HEMA/IA) dressing could be considered a good barrier against microbes. All results indicate that stimuli-responsive P(HEMA/IA) hydrogels have great potential for biomedical applications, especially for skin treatment and wound dressings. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords:gamma-radiation / Smart hydrogels / 2-Hydroxyethyl methacrylate / Itaconic acid / Biocompatibility / Microbe penetration
Source:Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 2010, 79, 5, 643-649
- Ministry for Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia [145072, 141013]