Magnetization enhancement in nanostructured random type MgFe2O4 spinel prepared by soft mechanochemical route
Jović, Nataša G.
Pavlović, Miodrag B.
Kremenović, Aleksandar S.
Manojlović, Dragan D.
Nikolić, Aleksandar S.
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In this paper we report results of structural, spectroscopic, and magnetic investigations of MgFe2O4 nanoparticles prepared by soft mechanochemical synthesis. MgFe2O4 nanoparticles crystallize in Fd3m space group with mixed cation distribution and reduced percentage of Fe3+ at tetrahedral (8a) sites. Discrepancy in the cation distribution compared to that in the bulk Mg-ferrite is one of the highest known. X-ray line broadening analysis reveals crystallite size and strain anisotropy. The saturation magnetization, M-sat=62 emu/g measured at 5 K is twice higher than that found in the bulk counterparts. Such high value of M-sat is attributed to the low value of cation inversion parameter (delta=0.69), to the core/shell structure of the nanoparticles and to the surface/volume ratio. Moumlssbauer spectrum collected at room temperature reveals ferrimagnetic ordering between Fe3+ ions in 8a and 16d sites, while zero-field-cooled (ZFC) and field-cooled (FC) M(T) measurements were shown superpa...ramagnetic state above 350 K.
Keywords:crystallites / ferrimagnetic materials / magnesium compounds / magnetic anisotropy / Mossbauer effect / nanofabrication / nanostructured materials
Source:Journal of Applied Physics, 2010, 107, 4
- The Serbian Ministry of Science and Technological Development