Numerical Simulation of the Influence of Stationary Louver and Coal Particle Size on Distribution of Pulverized Coal to the Feed Ducts of a Power Plant Burner
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One of the key requirements related to successful utilization of plasma technology as an oil-free backup system for coal ignition and combustion stabilization in power plant boilers is provision of properly regulated pulverized coal distribution to the feed ducts leading the fuel mixture to a burner. Proper regulation of coal distribution is deemed essential for achieving an adequate pulverized coal concentration in the zone where thermal plasma is being introduced The said can be efficiently achieved by installation of stationary louver in the coal-air mixing duct ahead of the feed ducts of a burner. The paper addresses numerical simulation of a two-phase flow of air-pulverized coal mixture in the mixing ducts, analysing the effects of particle size distribution on pulverized coal distribution to the burner feed ducts. Numerical simulation was performed rising the FLUENT 63 commercial code and related poly-dispersed flow module, based on the PSI-CELL approach. Numerical experiments ha...ve been performed assuming a mono-dispersed solid phase with particle diameter ranging from 45 mu m to 1200 mu m. Distance between the louver blades and the resulting effect on the flow profile was analysed as well. Results obtained indicate that the size of coal particles considerably influence the overall solid phase distribution. While fine particles, with diameters at the louver end of the above specified range, almost fully follow the streamlines of the continuous phase, coarser particles, which hit the louver blades, deflect towards the thermal plasma zone. In this manner, a desired phase concentration in the considered zone can be reached For the said reason, installation of stationary louver have been deemed a very efficient way to induce phase separation, primarily due to more pronounced impact of the installed louver on discrete phase flow then the impact on the flow of the continuous phase.