Surface modifications of AISI 1045 steel created by high intensity 1064 and 532 nm picosecond Nd:YAG laser pulses
AuthorsStašić, Jelena M.
Gaković, Biljana M.
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Interaction of Nd:YAG laser, operating at 1064 or 532 nm wavelength and a pulse duration of 40 ps, with AISI 1045 steel was studied. Surface damage thresholds were estimated to be 0.30 and 0.16 J/cm(2) at the wavelengths of 1064 and 532 nm, respectively. The steel surface modi. cation was studied at the laser energy density of 10.3 J/cm(2) (at 1064 nm) and 5.4 J/cm(2) (at 532 nm). The energy absorbed from Nd: YAG laser beam is partially converted to thermal energy, which generates a series of effects, such as melting, vaporization of the molten material, shock waves, etc. The following AISI 1045 steel surface morphological changes and processes were observed: (i) both laser wavelengths cause damage of the steel in the central zone of irradiated area; (ii) appearance of a hydrodynamic feature in the form of resolidified droplets of the material in the surrounding outer zone with 1064 nm laser wavelength; (iii) appearance of periodic surface structures, at micro- and nano-level, with the... 532 nm wavelength and, (iv) development of plasma in front of the target. Generally, interaction of laser beam with the AISI 1045 steel (at 1064 and 532 nm) results in a near-instantaneous creation of damage, meaning that large steel surfaces can be processed in short time. (C) 2008 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.
Keywords:AISI 1045 steel / Laser-matter interaction / Picosecond Nd:YAG laser
Source:Applied Surface Science, 2009, 255, 8, 4474-4478
- Ministry of Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia , Applications of Laser-plasma Studies to Particle Acceleration, Laboratory Astrophysics, Laser Induced Nuclear Reactions and the Fast Ignition Approach to Internal Confinement Fusions [COST-P14]