Radioactivity measurements in soil samples collected in the Republic of Srpska
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During 2005 and 2006, soil samples were collected from different regions in the Republic of Srpska, in order to evaluate their radioactivity. During the war that lasted from 1994 to 1995, it is known that some locations in the Republic of Srpska were imposed upon by NATO forces. Sampled locations were chosen far away from the bombed places in order to check whether the depleted uranium was dispersed over long distances. The activity concentrations of radionuclides in soil samples were determined by gamma spectrometry (HPGe detector, relative efficiency 23%). Results showed the presence of natural radionuclides (226)Ra, (232)Th, (40)K, (235)U, (238)U as well as the produced radionuclide (137)CS (from the Chernobyl accident and nuclear probes). In order to evaluate the radiological hazard of the natural radioactivity, the radium equivalent activity, the gamma-absorbed dose rate, the annual effective dose rate and the external hazard index have been calculated. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All ...rights reserved.
Keywords:Radioactivity / Soil / Gamma spectrometry
Source:Radiation Measurements, 2008, 43, 8, 1448-1452
- Ministry of Science and Environmental Protection of Serbia [142050, 141041]