Synthesis of biomorphic SiC and SiO2 ceramics
Gulicovski, Jelena J.
Babić, Biljana M.
Bošković, Snežana B.
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Coniferous wood (fir) was transformed by pyrolysis into carbon preforms, which were subsequently converted into biomorphic ceramics by the pressure infiltration technique with colloidal silica. An in situ reaction between the silica and the carbon template occurred in the cellular wall at a high sintering temperature. Depending on the employed atmosphere, non-oxide (SiC) or oxide (SiO2) ceramics were obtained. The morphology of the resulting porous ceramics and their phase composition were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM/EDX) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The experimental results showed that the biomorphic cellular morphology of the wood maintained in both the SiC and silica ceramics, which consisted of only the beta-SiC phase and SiO2, respectively.