Characteristics of novel myeloid precursor cell line, PC-MDS, established from a bone marrow of the patient with therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome
Mrđanović, Jasminka Ž.
Krajnović, Milena M.
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We report on characteristics of the first human cell line, PC-MDS, derived from a bone marrow of a patient with therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome (t-MDS) who had no overt post-MDS leukemia. Classic cytology analyses, immunophenotyping, cytogenetic and molecular genetic procedures were used for characterization of the cell line. PC-MDS cells are positive for the expression of CD13, CD15, CD30, CD33, and CD45 antigen. Positive cytochemical staining and immunophenotype analyses indicated that PC-MDS cells have some characteristics of the early myeloid precursor cell. The karyotype analysis of PC-MDS cell line revealed various numerical and structural changes including those typically associated with t-MDS: del(5)(q13), der(5)t(5;11)(p11;q11), -7, del(7)(q31), +20, -20. Evaluation of methylation status in a promoter region of p 15, p 16 and MGMT genes showed biallelic hypermethylation pattern of 5 promoter region only in MGMT gene. PC-MDS is the first t-MDS derive...d cell line, and based on its immunological, cytogenetic and molecular characterization could be a new tool in evaluation of complex biology of MDS and a model for methylation studies. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.