Stability of a general delay differential model of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical system
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Most of the systems in an organism (human included) function in a regular daily rhythm. Hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis, although mostly known for its role in stress response, probably has a role in conveying rhythmic signals from the major pacemaker, suprachiazmatic nucleus (SCN), to the periphery. A general qualitative nonphenomenological mathematical model of the HPA axis is constructed and its dynamics is examined using linear stability analysis and Roushes theorem. The results show that this system is asymptotically stable, i.e. it does not generate circadian oscillations, but only responds to the external pacemaker.