Morphology, internal structure and growth mechanism of electrodeposited Ni and Co powders
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In this paper the morphology (SEM analysis), the internal structure (cross-section analysis) and the growth mechanism of Ni and Co powders electrodeposited from ammoniacal electrolyte are investigated. It is shown that morphology and the internal structure of those powders are quite different. For Ni powder, all particles are of the same morphology, cauliflower-like type. In the case of Co powder, generally two types of particles are detected: (1) dendrite particles and (2) different types of agglomerates, compact, spongy-like and ball-like ones. The growth mechanism for all agglomerates is based on the fact that with the time of growth the disperse (dendrite) agglomerate is branching in different directions and at the tip of each branch spherical diffusion takes over the planar one, providing conditions for the growth of compact deposit. After some time, these branches form compact deposit all over the agglomerate surface and the same agglomerate further grows as a compact one, until ...it falls off from the electrode surface. Characteristic of all agglomerates is the presence of deep cavities on their surface and the fern-like dendrites on the bottom for most of these cavities.