Measurements of environmental backgroup radiation at location of coal-fired ponaver plaints
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Environmental radiation monitoring in the vicinity of coal-fired power plants which are used primarily to determine the variability in measured background exposures are presented in this article. this is in order to estimate the contribution due to the plants operation. Measurements have been done using a multi-element, high sensitive dosemeter system composed of three solid, properly filtered, sintered CaSO4:Dy thermoluminescent detectors, and one low-atomic number, MgB4O7:Dy,Na thermoluminiscencent detector produced at the Vinca Institute. The dosemeters were deployed quarterly I in above ground level at locations within 20 km of the power plants. Twenty urban and suburban measured stations were established. Measurements were carried out over one year period, from the beginning of the summer of 1995 to the end of the spring of 1996. The registered annual absorbed dose in air, from all of the 20 stations, vary from 0.91 to 1.46 mGy a(-1). One of the highest values of the annual absorb...ed dose was measured at the station near to the plant. i.e. at the place the most exposed to the lighter fly ash from the plant stack, as it was expected. The annual absorbed dose registered at the measuring stations that were selected as a control because they were situated practically away from possible influence of the plants were from 0.91 to 0.98 mGy a(-1) The above values of absorbed doses become very important, by concurrence of the circumstances. because they represent the zero background radiation level before the incidence of depleted uranium over former Yougoslav territory in tire Kosovo region in the spring of 1999. These measured absorbed dose exposures have to be compared with corresponding absorbed dose rates from the natural sources, such as soil having an exposure of 18-93 nGy h(-1) (average 35 nGy h(-1)) according to the UNSCEAR 2000 Report. This investigation has been primarily done in order to check the impact of coal-fired power plants on the background radiation level in its vicinity. According to the experimental results, influence was confirmed both qualitatively and quantitatively.