Age-related changes in radiation-induced micronuclei among healthy adults
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The aim of the present study was to establish the extent of in vitro radioresponse of lymphocytes among 62 healthy adults of both genders and to estimate the distribution of baseline micronuclei and radiosensitivity among individuals of the study population using the cytochalasin block micronucleus test. A younger study group consisted of 10 males (mean age, 22.4 years; range, 21-27) and 12 females (mean age, 24.8 years; range, 20-29), whereas an older study group consisted of 18 males (mean age, 35.1 years; range, 30-44) and 22 females (mean age, 38.5 years; range, 30-48). For evaluation of radiosensitivity blood samples were irradiated in vitro using Co-60 gamma-ray source. The radiation dose employed was 2 Gy, the dose rate 0.45 Gy/min. The study revealed a significant gender effect on baseline micronuclei favoring females (Z = 3.25, P LT 0.001), while yields of radiation-induced micronuclei did not differ significantly (Z = 0.56, P LT 0.56) between genders. The distribution of base...line micronuclei among the individuals tested followed Poisson distribution in both study groups and in both genders, whereas the distribution of radiosensitivity among individuals of the older study group did not fulfill Poisson expectations (Kolmogorov-Smimof test, P LT 0.01). In contrast to a nonsignificant difference in radiosensitivity between males and females of the same age group (Z = 1.97, P LT 0.56), a statistically significant difference in radiosensitivity between younger and older group for both genders was found (Z = 3.03, P LT 0.03). Since the individuals tested were healthy, the observed variability in radiation response is considered to be an early effect of ageing.