Inverse gas chromatography of chromia. Part I. Zero surface coverage
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The surface properties of the solid obtained from colloidal chromia were investigated by inverse gas chromatography (IGC), at zero surface coverage conditions. The solid samples I dried at 423 K and II healed at 1073 K in the amorphous and crystalline form, respectively, were studied in the temperature range 383-423 K. The dispersive components of the surface free energies, enthalpies, entropies, and the acid/bass constants for the solids wore calculated from the IGC measurements and compared with the data for a commercially available chromia (III). Significantly lower enthalpies and entropies were obtained for cyclohexane on solid II and chloroform, highly polar organic, on solid I. The dispersive contributions to the surface energy of solid II and III were similar but much greater in the case of solid I. All the sorbents had a basic character, with the K-D/K-A ratio decreasing in the order I GT II GT III. The retention and resolution in thr separation of a vapour mixture of C-5-C-8 n...-alkanes on the three substrates were different. A rapid separation was observed on solid II and an enhanced I retention on solid I. Generally, the heated chromia (II) exhibited diminished adsorption capacity, and enhanced homogeneity of the surface.