Distribution of HCV genotypes among risk groups in Serbia
Dimitrijević, Bogomir B.
MetadataShow full item record
Blood samples from 190 patients that were anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) positive were genotyped and 165 were found to contain HCV-RNA. Genotyping was performed by PCR based on type-specific primers (117 isolates) and LiPA test (48 isolates) and verifying by sequencing. In Serbia, the most frequent genotype was 1b (49.1%), followed by genotype 3 (21.2%) and genotype 1a (8.5%). The frequency of genotypes 2 and 4 was below 5% and mixed infections were encountered in 9.1% of cases. Distribution of genotypes was monitored in different risk groups: intravenous drug abusers, patients under blood transfusion, patients with previous history of surgery, patients undergoing hemodialysis and those with unknown risk factors. Genotype distribution is essentially the same in all the groups, except for the patients undergoing hemodialysis and those with previous history of surgery where significant difference exists compared with the group with unknown route of transmission (p LT 0.001 and p LT 0.05, r...espectively). There exists significant age-dependent genotype 3 distribution in Serbian population (p LT 0.01).