Optimization of Active Carbonaceous Material Obtained by Low Hydrothermal Carbonization of Plane Tree Seed with H3PO4
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Kaluđerović, Branka V.
Krstić, Sanja S.
Spasojević, Vuk D.
Marinković, Aleksandar D.
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Activated carbons (ACs) were successfully prepared using plane tree seed (PTS) as a cheap and renewable raw material. The plane tree seeds were firstly treated combining magnetic (MM) and ultrasonic mixing (USM) during 0.5, 1 and 3 h in 1 M, 3 M and 6 M of H3PO4 solutions, and then activated at 260 degrees C during 20 h (low temperature hydrothermal carbonization-low HTC) in above mentioned solutions of the same molarity. The influence of combined mixing and activation processes on physical, structural and morphological properties, and their optimization was studied by X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD), Raman spectroscopy, nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherms, fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis.
Keywords:Activated carbon / plane tree seed / hydrothermal carbonization / micro/mesoporosity
Source:Journal of Nano Research, 2017, 48, 71-84
- Functional, Functionalized and Advanced Nanomaterials (RS-45005)
- Serbian Ministry of Education, Science