Porous acicular mullite ceramics fabricated with in situ formed soot oxidation catalyst obtained from waste MoSi2
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Porous acicular mullite (3Al(2)O(3)center dot 2SiO(2)) ceramics containing Cu3Mo2O9 as a soot oxidation catalyst was fabricated by a novel approach using commercial powders of Al2O3 and CuO, and powder obtained by controlled oxidation of ground waste MoSi2. The obtained material consisted of elongated mullite grains which are known to be effective in carbon soot removal from diesel engine exhaust. The presence of in situ created Cu3Mo2O9 was found to catalyze the carbon burnout which is an extremely important feature when it comes to filter regeneration, i.e., the captured soot removal. The carbon burnout temperature in the sample containing 12 wt% CuO was by 90 degrees C lower than that in the sample without CuO. Effect of sintering temperature as well as the effect of amount of CuO additive on mullite properties were studied. It was found that the increase in amount of CuO in samples sintered at 1300 degrees C decreased porosity and increased compressive strength of the porous mullit...e ceramics. The addition of 12 wt% CuO increased the strength of the porous mullite ceramics up to 70 MPa, whereas the porosity was reduced from 62% in the mullite without CuO to 44% in the mullite ceramics containing 12 wt% CuO. Although affected by the amount of CuO, the microstructure still consisted of elongated mullite grains.