New Non-Orthogonality Treatment for Atmospheric Boundary Layer Flow Simulation Above Highly Non-Uniform Terrains
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In this paper we validate an improved finite volume approximation of Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes equations for simulation of wind flows in body-fitted grids generated by algebraic extrusion from digital terrain elevation data, proposed in Mirkov et. al. . The approach is based on second-order accurate finite volume method with collocated variable arrangement and pressure-velocity coupling trough SIMPLE algorithm. The main objective is the attenuation of spurious pressure field oscillations in regions with discontinuity in grid line slopes, as encountered in grids representing highly non-uniform terrains. Moreover, the approach relaxes the need for grid generation based on elliptic partial differential equation or grid smoothing by applying fixed point iterations (i. e. Gauss-Seidel) to initial grid node positions resulting from algebraic grid generators. Drawbacks of previous approaches which ignored treatment of finite volume grid cell cases with intersection point offset in no...n-orthogonality corrections are removed. Application to real-life wind farm project at Dobric (Svrljig, Serbia) is used to assess the effectiveness of the method. The results validate the view in which accurate discretization of governing equations play more important role than the choice of turbulence modeling closures.