Oestradiol Treatment Counteracts the Effect of Fructose-Rich Diet on Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 Expression and NF kappa B Activation
AuthorsBundalo, Maja M.
Stojiljković, Mojca D.
Article (Published version)
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Fructose-rich diet induces metabolic changes similar to those observed in metabolic syndrome. Among other matrix metalloproteinases, MMP-9 has an important role in adverse cardiac remodelling and might have a role in the development of cardiovascular disorders associated with metabolic syndrome. The changes of MMP-9 expression could be mediated via the NF kappa B pathway. In this study we investigated the effect of fructose-rich diet on MMP-9 expression in the heart of male and female rats, along with the effect of fructose-rich diet and oestradiol on MMP-9 expression in ovariectomized females. We further assessed the effect of fructose-rich diet and oestradiol on NF kappa B activation, measured as the level of p65 phosphorylation at Ser 276. The results showed that the diet regime did not affect the heart mass. Higher MMP-9 gene expression was found in cardiac tissue of male rats fed the fructose-rich diet than in females on the same diet regime. In ovariectomized females, fructose-ri...ch diet upregulated MMP-9 protein and mRNA expression in the heart, as well as phosphorylation of the p65 subunit of NF kappa B at Ser 276. Oestradiol replacement therapy reverted these changes in the heart of ovariectomized females. This study has shown that oestradiol could revert the early molecular changes in MMP-9 expression induced by fructose-rich diet that occurred before cardiac hypertrophy development by decreasing phosphorylation of the NF kappa B p65 subunit at Ser 276.