DEM/CFD approach for modeling granular flow in the revolving static mixer
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DEM/CFD (Discrete Element Method/Computational Fluid Dynamic) approach was used to develop a three dimensional model of fluid flow and mixing process of solid particles within the revolving static mixer, type Komax. Static mixers are widely used in process industry, food industry, pharmaceutical and chemical industry. Mixing process adds significant value to the final product and it can be regarded as a key process. The quality and the price of the product often depend on mixing efficiency. Both design and operation of the mixing unit itself have a strong influence on the quality produced. In this paper, DEM is used for modeling granular flow of zeolite spheres in the revolving Komax static mixer and CFD method was used for modeling fluid flow through the Eulerian multiphase model. Coupling of these two methods provides reliable analysis of particle motion and flow pattern of the working fluid. The objective of this paper is to predict the behavior of particles after several rotations ...of the revolving static mixer. This type of device is used for premixing action before the main mixing process, for significant reduction of mixing time and energy consumption. This type of premixing action is not investigated in detail in the open literature. The results of the numerical simulation are compared with appropriate experimental results. The special design revolving static mixer, made of transparent Plexiglas was used for this experiment. Mixing quality was examined by RSD (relative standard deviation) criterion. Application of this model provides the optimization of the number of revolutions and geometrical parameters of mixing process taking into account the quality of the mixing process. (c) 2016 The Institution of Chemical Engineers. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.