Kozak, K.

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  • Kozak, K. (2)
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Author's Bibliography

A campaign of discrete radon concentration measurements in soil of Niska Banja town, Serbia

Žunić, Zora S.; Kozak, K.; Ciotoli, G.; Ramola, R. C.; Kochowska, E.; Ujić, Predrag; Čeliković, Igor T.; Mazur, J.; Janik, M.; Demajo, A.; Birovljev, A.; Bochicchio, F.; Yarmoshenko, Ilia V.; Kryeziu, D.; Olko, P.

(2007)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Žunić, Zora S.
AU  - Kozak, K.
AU  - Ciotoli, G.
AU  - Ramola, R. C.
AU  - Kochowska, E.
AU  - Ujić, Predrag
AU  - Čeliković, Igor T.
AU  - Mazur, J.
AU  - Janik, M.
AU  - Demajo, A.
AU  - Birovljev, A.
AU  - Bochicchio, F.
AU  - Yarmoshenko, Ilia V.
AU  - Kryeziu, D.
AU  - Olko, P.
PY  - 2007
UR  - https://vinar.vin.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/3350
AB  - The first radon soil gas survey in Serbia, using passive detectors (SSNTD, CR-39), was carried out in June 2005 at field sites in Niska Banja town. The aim of the survey was to identify risk zones characterised by high levels of this radioactive gas. Radon measurements were made at the depth of 50cm, in the ground according to a systematic grid pattern. Furthermore, at all 48 measurement points, the surface gamma dose rates in the air was also measured at the same locations and soil samples were collected for gamma spectrometric analysis for the radionuclides Ra-226, Th-228 and K-40. Radon concentrations were found to range from 1270 to 155000 Bq m(-3) with an average of 33765 Bq m(-3) and a median value of 12626 Bq m(-3). The geometrical mean value and geometrical standard deviation were calculated as 16160 Bq m(-3) and 3.5 Bq m(-3), respectively. Gamma dose rate varies from 92 to 316 nGy h(-1), with an average of 132 nGy h(-1). The radium content in collected soil samples ranges from 24 to 1810 Bq kg(-1) with an average of 187 Bq kg(-1). High correlations (r(2) GT 0.8) between soil gas radon concentration, gamma dose rate and Ra-226 content in soil were found for each pair. The distribution of radon concentrations in soil gas shows bimodal shape. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
T2  - Radiation Measurements
T1  - A campaign of discrete radon concentration measurements in soil of Niska Banja town, Serbia
VL  - 42
IS  - 10
SP  - 1696
EP  - 1702
DO  - 10.1016/j.radmeas.2007.06.010
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Žunić, Zora S. and Kozak, K. and Ciotoli, G. and Ramola, R. C. and Kochowska, E. and Ujić, Predrag and Čeliković, Igor T. and Mazur, J. and Janik, M. and Demajo, A. and Birovljev, A. and Bochicchio, F. and Yarmoshenko, Ilia V. and Kryeziu, D. and Olko, P.",
year = "2007",
abstract = "The first radon soil gas survey in Serbia, using passive detectors (SSNTD, CR-39), was carried out in June 2005 at field sites in Niska Banja town. The aim of the survey was to identify risk zones characterised by high levels of this radioactive gas. Radon measurements were made at the depth of 50cm, in the ground according to a systematic grid pattern. Furthermore, at all 48 measurement points, the surface gamma dose rates in the air was also measured at the same locations and soil samples were collected for gamma spectrometric analysis for the radionuclides Ra-226, Th-228 and K-40. Radon concentrations were found to range from 1270 to 155000 Bq m(-3) with an average of 33765 Bq m(-3) and a median value of 12626 Bq m(-3). The geometrical mean value and geometrical standard deviation were calculated as 16160 Bq m(-3) and 3.5 Bq m(-3), respectively. Gamma dose rate varies from 92 to 316 nGy h(-1), with an average of 132 nGy h(-1). The radium content in collected soil samples ranges from 24 to 1810 Bq kg(-1) with an average of 187 Bq kg(-1). High correlations (r(2) GT 0.8) between soil gas radon concentration, gamma dose rate and Ra-226 content in soil were found for each pair. The distribution of radon concentrations in soil gas shows bimodal shape. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
journal = "Radiation Measurements",
title = "A campaign of discrete radon concentration measurements in soil of Niska Banja town, Serbia",
volume = "42",
number = "10",
pages = "1696-1702",
doi = "10.1016/j.radmeas.2007.06.010"
}
Žunić, Z. S., Kozak, K., Ciotoli, G., Ramola, R. C., Kochowska, E., Ujić, P., Čeliković, I. T., Mazur, J., Janik, M., Demajo, A., Birovljev, A., Bochicchio, F., Yarmoshenko, I. V., Kryeziu, D.,& Olko, P.. (2007). A campaign of discrete radon concentration measurements in soil of Niska Banja town, Serbia. in Radiation Measurements, 42(10), 1696-1702.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radmeas.2007.06.010
Žunić ZS, Kozak K, Ciotoli G, Ramola RC, Kochowska E, Ujić P, Čeliković IT, Mazur J, Janik M, Demajo A, Birovljev A, Bochicchio F, Yarmoshenko IV, Kryeziu D, Olko P. A campaign of discrete radon concentration measurements in soil of Niska Banja town, Serbia. in Radiation Measurements. 2007;42(10):1696-1702.
doi:10.1016/j.radmeas.2007.06.010 .
Žunić, Zora S., Kozak, K., Ciotoli, G., Ramola, R. C., Kochowska, E., Ujić, Predrag, Čeliković, Igor T., Mazur, J., Janik, M., Demajo, A., Birovljev, A., Bochicchio, F., Yarmoshenko, Ilia V., Kryeziu, D., Olko, P., "A campaign of discrete radon concentration measurements in soil of Niska Banja town, Serbia" in Radiation Measurements, 42, no. 10 (2007):1696-1702,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radmeas.2007.06.010 . .
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High natural radiation exposure in radon spa areas: a detailed field investigation in Niska Banja (Balkan region)

Žunić, Zora S.; Kobal, I.; Vaupotič, Janja; Kozak, K.; Mazur, J.; Birovljev, A.; Janik, M.; Čeliković, Igor T.; Ujić, Predrag; Demajo, A.; Krstic, G.; Jakupi, Bajram; Quarto, M.; Bochicchio, F.

(2006)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Žunić, Zora S.
AU  - Kobal, I.
AU  - Vaupotič, Janja
AU  - Kozak, K.
AU  - Mazur, J.
AU  - Birovljev, A.
AU  - Janik, M.
AU  - Čeliković, Igor T.
AU  - Ujić, Predrag
AU  - Demajo, A.
AU  - Krstic, G.
AU  - Jakupi, Bajram
AU  - Quarto, M.
AU  - Bochicchio, F.
PY  - 2006
UR  - https://vinar.vin.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/3066
AB  - The measurement campaigns have been done in the rural community of Niska. Banja, a spa town located in southern Serbia, to evaluate population exposure to natural radioactivity. After a screening survey in 200 houses, annual radon and thoron concentrations were measured in 34 houses, and in 2004 a detailed investigation was carried out at six houses with elevated indoor radon concentrations. The paper presents the results of these detailed measurements. The complementary techniques were applied to determine radon and thoron concentrations in indoor air, in soil gas, radon exhalation from soil, soil permeability, and indoor and outdoor gamma doses. Soil and water samples were collected and analysed in the laboratory. Indoor radon and thoron. concentrations were found to be more than 1 kBq m(-3) and 200 Bq m(-3) respectively. Extremely high concentrations of soil-gas radon ( GT 2000 kBq m(-3)) and radon exhalation rates (1.5 mBq m(-2) s(-1)) were observed. These results will be utilised to set up the methodology for a more systematic investigation. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
T2  - Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
T1  - High natural radiation exposure in radon spa areas: a detailed field investigation in Niska Banja (Balkan region)
VL  - 89
IS  - 3
SP  - 249
EP  - 260
DO  - 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2006.05.010
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Žunić, Zora S. and Kobal, I. and Vaupotič, Janja and Kozak, K. and Mazur, J. and Birovljev, A. and Janik, M. and Čeliković, Igor T. and Ujić, Predrag and Demajo, A. and Krstic, G. and Jakupi, Bajram and Quarto, M. and Bochicchio, F.",
year = "2006",
abstract = "The measurement campaigns have been done in the rural community of Niska. Banja, a spa town located in southern Serbia, to evaluate population exposure to natural radioactivity. After a screening survey in 200 houses, annual radon and thoron concentrations were measured in 34 houses, and in 2004 a detailed investigation was carried out at six houses with elevated indoor radon concentrations. The paper presents the results of these detailed measurements. The complementary techniques were applied to determine radon and thoron concentrations in indoor air, in soil gas, radon exhalation from soil, soil permeability, and indoor and outdoor gamma doses. Soil and water samples were collected and analysed in the laboratory. Indoor radon and thoron. concentrations were found to be more than 1 kBq m(-3) and 200 Bq m(-3) respectively. Extremely high concentrations of soil-gas radon ( GT 2000 kBq m(-3)) and radon exhalation rates (1.5 mBq m(-2) s(-1)) were observed. These results will be utilised to set up the methodology for a more systematic investigation. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
journal = "Journal of Environmental Radioactivity",
title = "High natural radiation exposure in radon spa areas: a detailed field investigation in Niska Banja (Balkan region)",
volume = "89",
number = "3",
pages = "249-260",
doi = "10.1016/j.jenvrad.2006.05.010"
}
Žunić, Z. S., Kobal, I., Vaupotič, J., Kozak, K., Mazur, J., Birovljev, A., Janik, M., Čeliković, I. T., Ujić, P., Demajo, A., Krstic, G., Jakupi, B., Quarto, M.,& Bochicchio, F.. (2006). High natural radiation exposure in radon spa areas: a detailed field investigation in Niska Banja (Balkan region). in Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 89(3), 249-260.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvrad.2006.05.010
Žunić ZS, Kobal I, Vaupotič J, Kozak K, Mazur J, Birovljev A, Janik M, Čeliković IT, Ujić P, Demajo A, Krstic G, Jakupi B, Quarto M, Bochicchio F. High natural radiation exposure in radon spa areas: a detailed field investigation in Niska Banja (Balkan region). in Journal of Environmental Radioactivity. 2006;89(3):249-260.
doi:10.1016/j.jenvrad.2006.05.010 .
Žunić, Zora S., Kobal, I., Vaupotič, Janja, Kozak, K., Mazur, J., Birovljev, A., Janik, M., Čeliković, Igor T., Ujić, Predrag, Demajo, A., Krstic, G., Jakupi, Bajram, Quarto, M., Bochicchio, F., "High natural radiation exposure in radon spa areas: a detailed field investigation in Niska Banja (Balkan region)" in Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 89, no. 3 (2006):249-260,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvrad.2006.05.010 . .
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