Venoso, Gennaro

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  • Venoso, Gennaro (3)
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Author's Bibliography

The relation between radon in schools and in dwellings: A case study in a rural region of Southern Serbia

Žunić, Zora S.; Bossew, Peter; Bochicchio, Francesco; Veselinović, Nenad; Carpentieri, Carmen; Venoso, Gennaro; Antignani, Sara; Simović, Rodoljub; Ćurguz, Zoran; Udovičić, Vladimir; Stojanovska, Zdenka A.; Tollefsen, Tore B.

(2017)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Žunić, Zora S.
AU  - Bossew, Peter
AU  - Bochicchio, Francesco
AU  - Veselinović, Nenad
AU  - Carpentieri, Carmen
AU  - Venoso, Gennaro
AU  - Antignani, Sara
AU  - Simović, Rodoljub
AU  - Ćurguz, Zoran
AU  - Udovičić, Vladimir
AU  - Stojanovska, Zdenka A.
AU  - Tollefsen, Tore B.
PY  - 2017
UR  - https://vinar.vin.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/1402
AB  - Recognized as a significant health hazard, radon (Rn) has been given increasing attention for years. Surveys of different kinds have been performed in many countries to assess the intensity and the geographical extent of possible Rn problems. Common surveys cover mainly dwellings, the indoor place with highest occupancy, and schools, where people spend a large fraction of their lifetime and which can also be considered exemplary for Rn exposure at workplaces; it has however been observed that relating them is difficult. It was unclear whether residential Rn at a location, or in a region, can be predicted by Rn at a school of that location, or vice versa. To current knowledge, no general rule seems applicable, as few models to describe the relationship between Rn in dwellings and in schools have been developed. In Southern Serbia, a Rn survey in a predominantly rural region was based on measurements in primary schools. The question arose whether or to which degree the results can be considered as indicative or even representative for residential Rn concentrations. To answer the question an additional survey of indoor Rn concentrations in dwellings was initiated, designed and performed in Sokobanja district in 2010-2012 in a manner to be able to detect a relationship if it exists. In the study region, 108 dwellings in 12 villages and towns were selected, with one primary school each. In this paper, we investigate how a relation between Rn in schools and dwellings could be identified and quantified, by developing a model and using experimental data from both the above main and additional surveys. The key criterion is the hypothesis that the relation dwellings schools, if it exists, is stronger for dwellings closer to a school than for those dwellings further away. We propose methods to test the hypothesis. As result, the hypothesis is corroborated at 95% significance level. More specifically, on town level (typical size about 1 km), the Rn concentration ratio dwelling/school is about 0.8 (geometrical mean), with geometrical standard deviation (GSD) about 1.9. For dwelling and school hypothetically in the same location, the ratio is estimated about 0.7 with GSD about 1.5. We think that the methodology can be applied to structurally similar problems. The results could be used to create conditional maps of Rn concentration in dwellings, i.e., for example a map of probabilities that indoor Rn concentrations in dwellings exceed 100 Bq/m(3), as function of Rn concentration in the local school. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
T2  - Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
T1  - The relation between radon in schools and in dwellings: A case study in a rural region of Southern Serbia
VL  - 167
SP  - 188
EP  - 200
DO  - 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2016.11.024
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Žunić, Zora S. and Bossew, Peter and Bochicchio, Francesco and Veselinović, Nenad and Carpentieri, Carmen and Venoso, Gennaro and Antignani, Sara and Simović, Rodoljub and Ćurguz, Zoran and Udovičić, Vladimir and Stojanovska, Zdenka A. and Tollefsen, Tore B.",
year = "2017",
abstract = "Recognized as a significant health hazard, radon (Rn) has been given increasing attention for years. Surveys of different kinds have been performed in many countries to assess the intensity and the geographical extent of possible Rn problems. Common surveys cover mainly dwellings, the indoor place with highest occupancy, and schools, where people spend a large fraction of their lifetime and which can also be considered exemplary for Rn exposure at workplaces; it has however been observed that relating them is difficult. It was unclear whether residential Rn at a location, or in a region, can be predicted by Rn at a school of that location, or vice versa. To current knowledge, no general rule seems applicable, as few models to describe the relationship between Rn in dwellings and in schools have been developed. In Southern Serbia, a Rn survey in a predominantly rural region was based on measurements in primary schools. The question arose whether or to which degree the results can be considered as indicative or even representative for residential Rn concentrations. To answer the question an additional survey of indoor Rn concentrations in dwellings was initiated, designed and performed in Sokobanja district in 2010-2012 in a manner to be able to detect a relationship if it exists. In the study region, 108 dwellings in 12 villages and towns were selected, with one primary school each. In this paper, we investigate how a relation between Rn in schools and dwellings could be identified and quantified, by developing a model and using experimental data from both the above main and additional surveys. The key criterion is the hypothesis that the relation dwellings schools, if it exists, is stronger for dwellings closer to a school than for those dwellings further away. We propose methods to test the hypothesis. As result, the hypothesis is corroborated at 95% significance level. More specifically, on town level (typical size about 1 km), the Rn concentration ratio dwelling/school is about 0.8 (geometrical mean), with geometrical standard deviation (GSD) about 1.9. For dwelling and school hypothetically in the same location, the ratio is estimated about 0.7 with GSD about 1.5. We think that the methodology can be applied to structurally similar problems. The results could be used to create conditional maps of Rn concentration in dwellings, i.e., for example a map of probabilities that indoor Rn concentrations in dwellings exceed 100 Bq/m(3), as function of Rn concentration in the local school. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
journal = "Journal of Environmental Radioactivity",
title = "The relation between radon in schools and in dwellings: A case study in a rural region of Southern Serbia",
volume = "167",
pages = "188-200",
doi = "10.1016/j.jenvrad.2016.11.024"
}
Žunić, Z. S., Bossew, P., Bochicchio, F., Veselinović, N., Carpentieri, C., Venoso, G., Antignani, S., Simović, R., Ćurguz, Z., Udovičić, V., Stojanovska, Z. A.,& Tollefsen, T. B.. (2017). The relation between radon in schools and in dwellings: A case study in a rural region of Southern Serbia. in Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 167, 188-200.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvrad.2016.11.024
Žunić ZS, Bossew P, Bochicchio F, Veselinović N, Carpentieri C, Venoso G, Antignani S, Simović R, Ćurguz Z, Udovičić V, Stojanovska ZA, Tollefsen TB. The relation between radon in schools and in dwellings: A case study in a rural region of Southern Serbia. in Journal of Environmental Radioactivity. 2017;167:188-200.
doi:10.1016/j.jenvrad.2016.11.024 .
Žunić, Zora S., Bossew, Peter, Bochicchio, Francesco, Veselinović, Nenad, Carpentieri, Carmen, Venoso, Gennaro, Antignani, Sara, Simović, Rodoljub, Ćurguz, Zoran, Udovičić, Vladimir, Stojanovska, Zdenka A., Tollefsen, Tore B., "The relation between radon in schools and in dwellings: A case study in a rural region of Southern Serbia" in Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 167 (2017):188-200,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvrad.2016.11.024 . .
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An evaluation of thoron (and radon) equilibrium factor close to walls based on long-term measurements in dwellings

Mishra, R.; Žunić, Zora S.; Venoso, Gennaro; Bochicchio, Francesco; Stojanovska, Zdenka A.; Carpentieri, Carmen; Prajith, R.; Sapra, B. K.; Mayya, Y. S.; Ishikawa, Tetsuo; Omori, Y.; Veselinović, Nenad; Tollefsen, Tore B.; Ujić, Predrag; Bossew, Peter

(2014)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Mishra, R.
AU  - Žunić, Zora S.
AU  - Venoso, Gennaro
AU  - Bochicchio, Francesco
AU  - Stojanovska, Zdenka A.
AU  - Carpentieri, Carmen
AU  - Prajith, R.
AU  - Sapra, B. K.
AU  - Mayya, Y. S.
AU  - Ishikawa, Tetsuo
AU  - Omori, Y.
AU  - Veselinović, Nenad
AU  - Tollefsen, Tore B.
AU  - Ujić, Predrag
AU  - Bossew, Peter
PY  - 2014
UR  - https://vinar.vin.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/6096
AB  - Thoron gas and its progeny behave quite differently in room environments, owing to the difference in their half-lives; therefore, it is important to measure simultaneously gas and progeny concentrations to estimate the time-integrated equilibrium factor. Furthermore, thoron concentration strongly depends on the distance from the source, i.e. generally walls in indoor environments. In the present work, therefore, the measurements of both thoron and radon gas and their progeny concentrations were consistently carried out close to the walls, in 43 dwellings located in the Sokobanja municipality, Serbia. Three different types of instruments have been used in the present survey to measure the time-integrated thoron and radon gas and their progeny concentrations simultaneously. The equilibrium factor for thoron measured close to the wall, F-Tn(W), ranged from 0.001 to 0.077 with a geometric mean (GM) [geometric standard deviation (GSD)] of 0.006 (2.2), whereas the equilibrium factor for radon, F-Rn,F- ranged from 0.06 to 0.95 with a GM (GSD) of 0.23 (2.0).
T2  - Radiation Protection Dosimetry
T1  - An evaluation of thoron (and radon) equilibrium factor close to walls based on long-term measurements in dwellings
VL  - 160
IS  - 1-3
SP  - 164
EP  - 168
DO  - 10.1093/rpd/ncu083
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Mishra, R. and Žunić, Zora S. and Venoso, Gennaro and Bochicchio, Francesco and Stojanovska, Zdenka A. and Carpentieri, Carmen and Prajith, R. and Sapra, B. K. and Mayya, Y. S. and Ishikawa, Tetsuo and Omori, Y. and Veselinović, Nenad and Tollefsen, Tore B. and Ujić, Predrag and Bossew, Peter",
year = "2014",
abstract = "Thoron gas and its progeny behave quite differently in room environments, owing to the difference in their half-lives; therefore, it is important to measure simultaneously gas and progeny concentrations to estimate the time-integrated equilibrium factor. Furthermore, thoron concentration strongly depends on the distance from the source, i.e. generally walls in indoor environments. In the present work, therefore, the measurements of both thoron and radon gas and their progeny concentrations were consistently carried out close to the walls, in 43 dwellings located in the Sokobanja municipality, Serbia. Three different types of instruments have been used in the present survey to measure the time-integrated thoron and radon gas and their progeny concentrations simultaneously. The equilibrium factor for thoron measured close to the wall, F-Tn(W), ranged from 0.001 to 0.077 with a geometric mean (GM) [geometric standard deviation (GSD)] of 0.006 (2.2), whereas the equilibrium factor for radon, F-Rn,F- ranged from 0.06 to 0.95 with a GM (GSD) of 0.23 (2.0).",
journal = "Radiation Protection Dosimetry",
title = "An evaluation of thoron (and radon) equilibrium factor close to walls based on long-term measurements in dwellings",
volume = "160",
number = "1-3",
pages = "164-168",
doi = "10.1093/rpd/ncu083"
}
Mishra, R., Žunić, Z. S., Venoso, G., Bochicchio, F., Stojanovska, Z. A., Carpentieri, C., Prajith, R., Sapra, B. K., Mayya, Y. S., Ishikawa, T., Omori, Y., Veselinović, N., Tollefsen, T. B., Ujić, P.,& Bossew, P.. (2014). An evaluation of thoron (and radon) equilibrium factor close to walls based on long-term measurements in dwellings. in Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 160(1-3), 164-168.
https://doi.org/10.1093/rpd/ncu083
Mishra R, Žunić ZS, Venoso G, Bochicchio F, Stojanovska ZA, Carpentieri C, Prajith R, Sapra BK, Mayya YS, Ishikawa T, Omori Y, Veselinović N, Tollefsen TB, Ujić P, Bossew P. An evaluation of thoron (and radon) equilibrium factor close to walls based on long-term measurements in dwellings. in Radiation Protection Dosimetry. 2014;160(1-3):164-168.
doi:10.1093/rpd/ncu083 .
Mishra, R., Žunić, Zora S., Venoso, Gennaro, Bochicchio, Francesco, Stojanovska, Zdenka A., Carpentieri, Carmen, Prajith, R., Sapra, B. K., Mayya, Y. S., Ishikawa, Tetsuo, Omori, Y., Veselinović, Nenad, Tollefsen, Tore B., Ujić, Predrag, Bossew, Peter, "An evaluation of thoron (and radon) equilibrium factor close to walls based on long-term measurements in dwellings" in Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 160, no. 1-3 (2014):164-168,
https://doi.org/10.1093/rpd/ncu083 . .
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Radon in indoor air of primary schools: a systematic survey to evaluate factors affecting radon concentration levels and their variability

Bochicchio, Francesco; Žunić, Zora S.; Carpentieri, Carmen; Antignani, Sara; Venoso, Gennaro; Carelli, V.; Cordedda, C.; Veselinović, Nenad; Tollefsen, Tore B.; Bossew, Peter

(2014)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Bochicchio, Francesco
AU  - Žunić, Zora S.
AU  - Carpentieri, Carmen
AU  - Antignani, Sara
AU  - Venoso, Gennaro
AU  - Carelli, V.
AU  - Cordedda, C.
AU  - Veselinović, Nenad
AU  - Tollefsen, Tore B.
AU  - Bossew, Peter
PY  - 2014
UR  - https://vinar.vin.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/5967
AB  - In order to optimize the design of a national survey aimed to evaluate radon exposure of children in schools in Serbia, a pilot study was carried out in all the 334 primary schools of 13 municipalities of Southern Serbia. Based on data from passive measurements, rooms with annual radon concentration GT 300Bq/m(3) were found in 5% of schools. The mean annual radon concentration weighted with the number of pupils is 73Bq/m(3), 39% lower than the unweighted 119Bq/m(3) average concentration. The actual average concentration when children are in classrooms could be substantially lower. Variability between schools (CV=65%), between floors (CV=24%) and between rooms at the same floor (CV=21%) was analyzed. The impact of school location, floor, and room usage on radon concentration was also assessed (with similar results) by univariate and multivariate analyses. On average, radon concentration in schools within towns is a factor of 0.60 lower than in villages and at higher floors is a factor of 0.68 lower than ground floor. Results can be useful for other countries with similar soil and building characteristics.
T2  - Indoor Air
T1  - Radon in indoor air of primary schools: a systematic survey to evaluate factors affecting radon concentration levels and their variability
VL  - 24
IS  - 3
SP  - 315
EP  - 326
DO  - 10.1111/ina.12073
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Bochicchio, Francesco and Žunić, Zora S. and Carpentieri, Carmen and Antignani, Sara and Venoso, Gennaro and Carelli, V. and Cordedda, C. and Veselinović, Nenad and Tollefsen, Tore B. and Bossew, Peter",
year = "2014",
abstract = "In order to optimize the design of a national survey aimed to evaluate radon exposure of children in schools in Serbia, a pilot study was carried out in all the 334 primary schools of 13 municipalities of Southern Serbia. Based on data from passive measurements, rooms with annual radon concentration GT 300Bq/m(3) were found in 5% of schools. The mean annual radon concentration weighted with the number of pupils is 73Bq/m(3), 39% lower than the unweighted 119Bq/m(3) average concentration. The actual average concentration when children are in classrooms could be substantially lower. Variability between schools (CV=65%), between floors (CV=24%) and between rooms at the same floor (CV=21%) was analyzed. The impact of school location, floor, and room usage on radon concentration was also assessed (with similar results) by univariate and multivariate analyses. On average, radon concentration in schools within towns is a factor of 0.60 lower than in villages and at higher floors is a factor of 0.68 lower than ground floor. Results can be useful for other countries with similar soil and building characteristics.",
journal = "Indoor Air",
title = "Radon in indoor air of primary schools: a systematic survey to evaluate factors affecting radon concentration levels and their variability",
volume = "24",
number = "3",
pages = "315-326",
doi = "10.1111/ina.12073"
}
Bochicchio, F., Žunić, Z. S., Carpentieri, C., Antignani, S., Venoso, G., Carelli, V., Cordedda, C., Veselinović, N., Tollefsen, T. B.,& Bossew, P.. (2014). Radon in indoor air of primary schools: a systematic survey to evaluate factors affecting radon concentration levels and their variability. in Indoor Air, 24(3), 315-326.
https://doi.org/10.1111/ina.12073
Bochicchio F, Žunić ZS, Carpentieri C, Antignani S, Venoso G, Carelli V, Cordedda C, Veselinović N, Tollefsen TB, Bossew P. Radon in indoor air of primary schools: a systematic survey to evaluate factors affecting radon concentration levels and their variability. in Indoor Air. 2014;24(3):315-326.
doi:10.1111/ina.12073 .
Bochicchio, Francesco, Žunić, Zora S., Carpentieri, Carmen, Antignani, Sara, Venoso, Gennaro, Carelli, V., Cordedda, C., Veselinović, Nenad, Tollefsen, Tore B., Bossew, Peter, "Radon in indoor air of primary schools: a systematic survey to evaluate factors affecting radon concentration levels and their variability" in Indoor Air, 24, no. 3 (2014):315-326,
https://doi.org/10.1111/ina.12073 . .
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